Review of the work
We know as dyslipidemias all that group of situations that entail a series of quantitative or qualitative alterations of the circulating lipids in the blood: cholesterol, lipoproteins or alipoproteins and triglycerides. As we know, fats or lipids are essential for life, because they are a source of energy, they intervene in the synthesis of hormones, they protect our viscera, etc. But its excess or deficiency in the blood, can cause important alterations that cause serious effects on the heart, arteries and brain. From a clinical point of view, the alterations that occur with an increase in one or more fractions of circulating lipids, known as hyperlipidemias, are more important and their importance lies in the ability to produce atheroma plaques in the blood vessels, this is the basis of cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death and disability in industrialized countries. On the contrary, when the alteration is a consequence of a deficit in circulating lipid levels, they are known as hypolipidemias, they are less frequent and their clinical manifestations appear when the lipid concentrations are extremely low or even non-existent and are basically neurological in nature. Currently, the lipid factor is considered the main responsible for the cardiovascular risk of the young individual, a factor already present in childhood in worrying and growing proportions, as various national studies seem to show. Health education becomes the first attack against dyslipidemia, not only to promote the will to change in the patient towards a heart-healthy lifestyle, but also in the best way that from schools, children adopt habits of healthy life.
Penélope Bernardini Amador. Born in Ceuta on July 27, 1975, University Diploma in Nursing at the Ceuta University School of Nursing. Since then he has been developing his professional work in the Health Care for the immigrant group in the CETI (Center for the temporary stay of immigrants) of Ceuta, Official Center dependent on the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, also in different services of the Civil Hospital and in Centers of Primary Health Care dependent on INGESA. She has published a large number of health articles in magazines and newsletters of scientific interest, in addition to having been a regular contributor to the local press, promoting the dissemination of health issues of interest to the general population. She is also an active participant in scientific conferences, collaborating in the presentation of informative and scientific posters, as well as in oral communications.